• The first English colony in Virginia, founded in 1607. 2007 is the 400th anniversary of the settlement. Maine has contributed to this by building re-creations of two of the Jamestown Expedition's ships, Godspeed and Discovery.

  • Yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous membranes, due to an increase of bile pigments in the blood. It is often a symptom of certain diseases, such as hepatitis, obstruction of the bile duct, or cancer of the liver.
  • Embargo Act of 1807 forbidding international trade to and from American ports. It was an attempt to counter British and French restrictions on neutral trade during the Napoleonic Wars. The act failed and was repealed in 1809/10 after devastating what had been a profitable New England shipping industry.

  • A triangular sail set by sailing vessels on the stays of the foremast. The largest square-rigged sailing vessels of the late 19th and early 20th centuries carried as many as six jibs.
  • To fish from the deck of a standing vessel, first throwing "chum" (chopped bait) over the side to bring the fish near the boat. The fisherman would throw over a line with a hook that had a thick metal shaft. He would then move the line up and down. In the excitement of feeding the fish would bite at the shaft and be hooked.
  • Boats from St. John River area in New Brunswick, that carried cordwood to Maine's lime kilns. More formally called St. John River woodboats, they were well established in the 1830s and last built about 1917. These were small schooners, 40 to 80 feet, and flush decked to make deck loading easier. The foremast was up in the bow, with the mainmast amidships. The masts had stops on them so that the booms could be set 6-10 feet above the deck, above the wood cargo. The boats were shallow draft, 6-7 feet, and were designed with relatively flat bottoms and bilge keels so that they could ground out on a falling tide to make them easy to load where there were no docks. Simply built, they had a small cabin aft for the 2-3 man crew.
  • joinery
    A carpenter who finishes interior woodwork. Joinery is the interior woodwork.
  • Ichabod Jones

    Boston lumber merchant who took two sloops to Machias in 1775 under escort of the British schooner Margaretta. Thirty-one Machias citizens under the leadership of Jeremiah O'Brien captured Jones's sloop Unity and then proceeded to attack and capture the Margaretta, the first naval battle of the American Revolution.

  • Western term for a large Chinese sailing vessel, characterized by a flat bottom, broad and flat bow and broad stern. Term broadly applied to sailing craft of the Far East.
  • Jury-rig
    To replace quickly with whatever is at hand. Can be used as a noun or a verb.
  • A coarse fiber from one of two East Indian plants, used for making burlap, or mixed with hemp for rope.